inner


inner
inner, inward, inside, interior, internal, intestine are comparable when they mean being or placed within something. Although in many cases interchangeable, they are more or less restricted in their applications and therefore clearly distinguished in their implications.
Inner typically applies to something far within or near the center
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thrust them into the inner prison— Acts 16:24

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an inner room

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{

the inner bark of a tree

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while inward typically applies to something directed within or toward the center
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the inward curve of a scroll

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Both words apply also to the mental or spiritual, frequently with the added implication of something intimate, secret, or inaccessible
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the sense by which thy inner nature was apprised of outward shows— Shelley

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outer events only interest me here insofar as they affected my inner life— Ellis

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with an inward smile she remembered Spandrell's summary— Huxley

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the inward struggle of the heroes to find their own truth— Rees

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Inside is used chiefly of spatial relations
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an inside seat

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the inside track

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but it may be used with reference to persons who are so placed in their work or who have such contacts that they may be said to be figuratively inside a place or group; thus, inside work implies a contrast with field or road work; inside knowledge of a negotiation implies participation to some extent in that negotiation
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have inside information of what is going on in a club

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Interior and internal usually suggest more abstract or technical and less intimate relations than inner and inward.
Interior frequently implies contrast with the outer limits of the thing itself; thus, the interior features of a country are by implication opposed to those of the coast or boundaries; interior decoration deals with the decoration and furnishing of the inside of a house or other building rather than with its outside; one's interior life is one's life as expressed in thoughts and aspirations rather than in outward activities.
Internal implies contrast with something beyond or outside of the outer limits of a thing; thus, internal evidence of a poem's authorship is gained from a study of the poem itself rather than from outside sources; the internal affairs of a country are its domestic, as opposed to its foreign, affairs; internal medicine is that branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the internal organs (as the heart, lungs, stomach, and liver).
Intestine is a close synonym of internal used specifically of what may otherwise be described as domestic or civil (as opposed to foreign) with, however, the connotation of an evil or mis-chievous origin or nature
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misgovernment and foreign and intestine war occasioned the neglect ... of these works— Lord

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{

a coalition . . . was paralyzed from the start by intestine quarrels— Current History

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Analogous words: central, middle, focal, nuclear (see corresponding nouns at CENTER): intimate, close, *familiar: intrinsic, constitutional, essential, *inherent: *instinctive, intuitive: deep-seated, deep-rooted (see INVETERATE)
Antonyms: outer
Contrasted words: outward, outside, exterior, external (see OUTER)

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Inner — In ner ([i^]n n[ e]r), a. [AS. innera, a compar. fr. inne within, fr. in in. See {In}.] 1. Further in; interior; internal; not outward; as, an inner chamber. [1913 Webster] 2. Of or pertaining to the spirit or its phenomena. [1913 Webster] This… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Inner — Inner, ein Vorwort, welches die dritte Endung erfordert, für in oder innerhalb stehet, aber nur im Oberdeutschen üblich ist. Inner wenig Tagen, in oder innerhalb weniger Tage. Hier inner diesem Stall, Opitz. Wie viel Tage sind verflossen Inner… …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • inner — (adj.) c.1400, from O.E. inra, comp. of inne (adv.) inside (see IN (Cf. in)). Cf. O.H.G. innaro, Ger. inner. An unusual evolution for a comparative, it has not been used with than since Middle English. Inner tube in the pneumatic tire sense is… …   Etymology dictionary

  • inner — [in′ər] adj. [ME < OE innerra, compar. of inne, within, IN1] 1. located farther within; interior; internal [inner organs] 2. of the mind or spirit [inner peace] 3. more intimate, central, or secret [inner emotions] …   English World dictionary

  • inner — Adj std. (8. Jh.), mhd. inner, ahd. innaro, inner Stammwort. Adjektivbildung zu in. deutsch s. in …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • inner — ► ADJECTIVE 1) situated inside; close to the centre. 2) mental or spiritual: inner strength. 3) private; not expressed. ► NOUN ▪ an inner part …   English terms dictionary

  • inner — [adj1] central, middle physically close, constitutional, essential, familiar, focal, inherent, innermore, inside, interior, internal, intestinal, intimate, intrinsic, inward, nuclear; concepts 826,830 Ant. exterior, external, outer, outside inner …   New thesaurus

  • inner — index central (situated near center), interior, internal, intrinsic (deep down) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • inner — inner:innereStimme:a)⇨Ahnung(1)–b)⇨Gewissen(1) …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

  • inner- — Wir müssen Sie untersuchen. Es kann sein, dass Sie innere Verletzungen haben …   Deutsch-Test für Zuwanderer


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